Time: 25 minutes.
This section is designed to measure your ability to recognize language that is appropriate for standard written English. There are two types of questions in this section, with special directions for each type.
Directions: Questions 1-15 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases, marked (A), (B), (C), and (0). Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. Fill in the space so that the letter inside the oval cannot be seen.
Geysers have often been compared to volcanoes ——they both emit hot liquids from below the Earth’s surface. (A) due to (B) because (C) in spite of (D) regardless of
The sentence should read, “Geysers have often been compared to volcanoes because they both emit hot liquids from below the Earth’s surface.” Therefore, you should choose (B).
During the early period of ocean navigation, —–any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques. (A) so that hardly (B) when there hardly was (C) hardly was (D) there was hardly
The sentence should read, “During the early period of ocean navigation, there was hardly any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques.” Therefore, you should choose (D).
Directions: In questions 16-40 each sentence has four underlined words or phrases. The four underlined parts of the sentence are marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.
Guppies are sometimes call rainbow fish because of the males’ bright colors.
The sentence should read, “Guppies are sometimes called rainbow fish because of the males’ bright colors.” Therefore, you should choose (A).
Serving several term in Congress, Shirley Chisholm became an important United States politician.
The sentence should read, “Serving several terms in Congress, Shirley Chisholm became an important United States politician.” Therefore, you should choose (B)
Now begin work on the questions.
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15. In bacteria and in other organisms, ________ is the nucleic acid DNA that provides the genetic information.
3 l. Chemical research provides information that is useful when the textile industry in the creation of synthetic fabrics.
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16. Twenty to thirty year after a mature forest is cleared away, a nearly impenetrable thicket of trees and shrubs develops.
32. Jane Addams, social worker, author, and spokeswoman for the peace and women’s suffrage movements, she received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 for her humanitarian achievements.
1. Simple photographic lenses cannot _____ sharp, undistorted images over a wide field.
17. The first national park in world, Yellowstone National Park, was established in 1872.
33. Brornyrire crystals have a diamond-like luster and are usually colorless but they dark to brown when exposed to light.
2. Of all the factors affecting agricultural yields, weather is the one _____the most.
18. Because it does not have a blood supply, the cornea takes their oxygen directly from the air.
34. Stars in our universe vary in temperature, color, bright, size, and mass.
3. Beverly Sills, ___________, assumed directorship of the New York City Opera in 1979.
19. Magnificent mountains and coastal scenery is British Columbia’s chief tourist attractions.
35. Ice is less denser than the liquid from which it is formed.
4. ______ of tissues is known as histology.
20. Scientists at universities are often more involved in theoretical research than in practically research.
36. The 1983 Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded to Barbara McClintock for her experiment with maize and her discoveries regardless the nature of DNA.
5. With the exception of mercury, ________ at standard temperature and pressure.
2 l. John Rosamond Johnson he composed numerous songs, including Lift Every Voice and Sing, for which his brother, James Weldon Johnson, wrote the words.
37. In 1866 to 1883, the bison population in North America was reduced from an estimated 13 million to a few hundred.
6. Potential dehydration is ______that a land animal faces.
22. Nylon, a synthetic done from a combination of water, air, and a by-product of coal, was first introduced in l 938.
38. Most of the damage property attributed to the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 resulted from the fire that followed.
7. By tracking the eye of a hurricane, forecasters can determine the speed at which__________.
23. Ornithology, the study of birds, is one of the major scientific fields in which amateurs play a role in accumulating. researching, and publish data.
39. James Baldwin’s plays and short stories, which are to some degree autobiographical, established them as a leading figure in the United States civil rights movement.
8. The Grapes of Wrath, a novel about the Depression years of the 1930 ‘s, is one of John Steinbeck’s __________ books.
24. Animation is a technique for creativity the illusion of life in inanimate things.
40. Thunder can be listened from a maximum distance of about ten miles except under unusual atmospheric conditions.
9. Technology will play a key role in ________ future life-styles.
25. The nonviolent protest advocated by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., proving highly effective in an age of expanding television news coverage.
10. The computer has dramatically affected __________ photographic lenses are constructed.
26. On December 7, l787, Delaware became a first state to ratify the Constitution.
11. The early railroads were ______ the existing arteries of transportation: roads, turnpikes, canals, and other waterways.
27. Nutritionists believe what diet affects how one feels physically and emotionally.
12. _______ as a masterpiece, a world of art must transcend the ideals of the period in which it was created.
28. Mealii Kalama, creator of over 400 Hawaiian quilts, was granted a National Heritage Fellowship in 1985 for herself contributions to folk art.
13. Jackie Robinson, ______ to play baseball in the major leagues, joined the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947.
29. A jetty serves to define and deepen a channel, improve navigate, or protect a harbor.
14. During the flood of 1927, the Red Cross, ________ out of emergency headquarters in Mississippi, set up temporary shelters for the homeless.
30. Minoru Yamasaki is an American architect which works departed from the austerity frequently associated with architecture in the United States after the Second World War.