Time: 25 minutes.
This section is designed to measure your ability to recognize language that is appropriate for standard written English. There are two types of questions in this section, with special directions for each type.
Structure Directions: Questions 1-15 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases, marked (A), (B), (C), and (0). Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. Fill in the space so that the letter inside the oval cannot be seen.
Geysers have often been compared to volcanoes ——they both emit hot liquids from below the Earth’s surface.
(A) due to
(C) in spite of
(D) regardless of
The sentence should read, “Geysers have often been compared to volcanoes because they both emit hot liquids from below the Earth’s surface.” Therefore, you should choose (B).
During the early period of ocean navigation, —–any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques.
(A) so that hardly
(B) when there hardly was
(C) hardly was
(D) there was hardly
The sentence should read, “During the early period of ocean navigation, there was hardly any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques.” Therefore, you should choose (D).
Directions: In questions 16-40 each sentence has four underlined words or phrases. The four underlined parts of the sentence are marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.
Guppies are sometimes call rainbow fish because of the males’ bright colors.
The sentence should read, “Guppies are sometimes called rainbow fish because of the males’ bright colors.” Therefore, you should choose (A).
Serving several term in Congress, Shirley Chisholm became an important United States politician.
The sentence should read, “Serving several terms in Congress, Shirley Chisholm became an important United States politician.” Therefore, you should choose (B)
Now begin work on the questions.
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3. Gas particles move when the gas is hot than when it is cold.
19. Migrating butterflies can travel long distant over water.
35. Fencing, originally developed as a sport in fourteenth century, was included in the first modern Olympic Games of 1896.
4. The different colors of the different temperatures of the stars’ surfaces.
20. During a early period in the settlement of the western United States, pioneers claimed parts of the wilderness by marking trees to establish a boundary.
36. Depth within ancient tombs, 3,000-year-old peanuts have been found alongside mummies.
5. As a country develops from an agricultural to an industrial economy, the attitudes, values, structures, and functions of the family .
21. All digital computers use binary, or two-valued, digits instead than decimal, or ten-valued, digits to represent and store data.
37. Art Nouveau developed in the 1890’s when artists did a conscious effort to break with what they regarded as worn-out formulas of the past.
6. Only a few sounds produced by insects are heard by humans most of the sounds are pitched either too low or too high.
22. An ambassador serves as a nation’s highest-ranking diplomacy in another country.
38. The most widely cultivated all of fruit trees, the apple is second only to the grape in its importance as a temperate-zone fruit.
7. The ordinary chair in countless shapes, sizes, styles, and materials.
23. Early adolescence is a developmental phase consisting of rapid changes in behavior, psychological, and hormones.
39. Pawnbroking, or making loans to customers who pledge personal or household goods as security, is one of the oldest trade known.
8. For 125 years after initial use at Harvard in 1642, the Bachelor of Arts degree was the only degree awarded by colleges in the United States.
24. Knowledge from the frontiers of research genetic will increasingly pose difficult problems for policy makers and for society in general.
40. Of 1901 to 1914, acclaimed actor Douglas Fairbanks appeared on stage in a series of light comedies.
9. Since the Sun illuminates half the surface of the Moon, only half the surface ___ can be seen from the Earth.
25. Pictures called glass mosaics are made by setting small pieces of colors glass into fresh plaster.
10. The novels of Constance Fenimore Woolson, , have special interest for their regional settings.
26. Approximately every nineteen month Venus and the Sun reach their greatest angular separation in the solar system.
11. ____ Oklahoma is important as a farming state, it is even more important for its rich oil deposits.
27. Anthropologists recently have found evidence that, centuries ago, Inuits used to entering their subterranean homes through tunnels, which helped keep the cold out and the heat in.
12. No animal seems _____ on a diet of peat moss.
28. The tree porcupine is found in wooded areas throughout most from North America.
13. The upper part in a harmonic arrangement ______ by mixed voices is usually written for a soprano voice.
29. To date, only a small percentage of all glass manufactured in the United States is recycled, but markets for recycled glass that are growing steadily.
14. The first school _____ the state of Washington was opened at old Fort Vancouver in 1832.
30. The oceans are the major source of the atmospheric moisture that is obtained through evaporator.
15. Radio, ____ , developed from the theories and experiments of many people.
31. Only those insects with high developed, multilensed eyes have good color vision.
16. While attempting to fly hers plane around the world in 1937, Amelia Earhart mysteriously disappeared.
32. The Earth’s atmosphere functions much like a giant greenhouse, admitting sunlight between outer space but preventing heat from escaping.
1. Since the early 1950’s, throughout the world has more than doubled.
17. Richard Wright’s Uncle Tom’s Children, a collection of short stories, were a critical success when it appeared in 1938.
33. The almond tree which produces the oldest species of nut and is the most widely grown of all nut trees.
2. Even though he did not attend school until he was twelve, Dr. Samuel C.C. Ting was the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1976.
18. The principle on which the boat called a hydrofoil is designed is identically to that demonstrated by an airplane wing moving through air.
34. Fran Tannenbaum, a paleontology student doing summer fieldwork, found a completely seventy-five-million-year-old fossil egg near Chateau, Montana.