STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION
(including the reading of the directions)
Now set your clock for 25 minutes.
This section is designed to measure your ability to recognize language that is appropriate for standard written English. There are two types of questions in this section, with special directions for each type.
Directions: These questions are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence, you will see four words or phrases, marked (A). (B), (C), and (0). Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then. on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.
Look at the following examples.
The president _______the election by a landslide.
(B) he won
The sentence should read, “The president won the election by a landslide,” Therefore, you should choose answer (A).
When ______the conference?
(A) the doctor attended
(B) did the doctor attend
(C) the doctor will attend
(D) the doctor’s attendance
The sentence should read, “When did the doctor attend the conference?” Therefore, you should choose answer (B).
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1. In the late 1880s, Hull House _________ United States’ first welfare state.
2. ________ with the largest alphabet is Cambodian, with 74 letters.
3. _________ given to the various types of microscopic plants and animals found in water.
4. Charles Babbage (1792- 1871) drew up the first plans for a programmable digital computer in 1834, but _________ was never completed.
5. _________ , one of the oldest forms of written communication, was used as early as 3000 B.C.
6. As a protection device, an octopus ejects black or purple ink to cloud the water when _________.
7. _________ manipulate with their feet as well as with their hands, it is difficult for them to stand upright.
8. Approximately 500 varieties of insectivorous plants, which trap animals for their sustenance, _________ in the world.
9. Ozone is formed when ultraviolet radiation from the Sun _________ molecules into highly reactive oxygen atoms.
10. The surrealistic movement in art in the 1920s and 1930s placed _________ is pictured in the unconscious and often incorporated dreamlike images.
11. Today used to measure the weight of gemstones or the amount of gold per 24 parts of pure gold, _________ originally the weight of a seed of the carob tree.
12. The film Lawrence of Arabia is three hours and forty-one minutes long, one minute _________ Gone with the Wind.
13. The genus Equus became extinct in North America during the glacial period, and it was not reintroduced until _________ by the Spaniards.
14. In _________ several vertically aligned honeycombs with hexagonal wax cells stacked close together.
15. The shapes of snow crystals depend largely _________ temperature and humidity are.
16. The price of silver rose to $50.05 per troy ounce in January 1980 and then fell to $10.80 two month later.
17. Most polar seals retreat to open water during the winter, but a few types have learn to survive on and under the ice all year round.
18. More than half of all stars is in binary or multiple-star systems.
19. The harpsichord is the most complex and most large of all the plucked keyboard instruments.
20. United States forces won the city of Los Angeles in 1847 during the Mexican War and gain all of California in the same year.
21. During fermentation, complex carbohydrates are converted to another chemicals by the action of enzymes produced by molds, yeasts, or bacteria.
22. The surface of Mars is very complex and consists of a mixture of flat deserts, craters, volcanoes, and mountainous.
23. Hardwood comes from broad, leaved deciduous trees, those that lose theirs leaves in winter.
24. The Washington quarter was first minting by the U.S. government in 1932 on the 200th anniversary of George Washington’s birth.
25. W. Somerset Maugham’s best-known novel, Of Human Bondage, is a partially fictionalized account of a unhappy youth.
26. The Congressional Medal of Honor, instituted at the height of the Civil War, is today a highest decoration for gallantry in the United States.
27. High blood pressure results from either an increased output of blood from the heart and an increased resistance to its flow through tiny branches of the arteries.
28. When the U.S. government’s library was burned by the British in 1814, former President Thomas Jefferson donated 6,487 of their own books to start the present day Library of Congress.
29. James A. Garfield has become the twentieth president of the United States in 1881 and was assassinated later in that year.
30. Mambas, poisonous African snakes that come from the same family as cobras, possess an extreme potent venom.
31. Not until the discovery of Pluto’s moon Charon was many of the characteristics of the planet Pluto evident.
32. Scorpions, which are normally lone, have developed a cautious mating ritual because they are not immune to their own poison.
33. The diameter of the Sun is more than one hundred times greater than the Earth.
34. In the mid-18th century, American, Russian, and Canadian hunters on the Pacific coast of North America annihilated almost the sea otter in order to collect the pelts.
35. Pat Garrett, who shot and killed Billy the Kid on July 14, 1881, later did his living as a Texas Ranger.
36. Paul Revere was the son of a French immigration named Apollos Rivoire, who later began calling himself Revere to make his name easier for Americans to pronounce.
37. Safety glass, a toughened glass sheet, is six times stronger than untreating glass.
38. The foxglove is source of the drug digitalis, which is used to treat heart disease.
39. Related fungus from a family of yeasts called ascomycetes cause bread to rise, create the veins in blue cheese, and produce penicillin.
40. Rival leaders during the American Civil War, Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis both hailed Kentucky.