Time: 55 minutes
This section of the test measures your ability to understand the meaning of words and to comprehend written materials.
Directions: The remainder of this section contains several passages, each followed by a number of questions. Read the passages and, for each question, choose the one best answer-(A), (B), (C), or (D)-based on what is stated in the passage or on what can be inferred from the passage. Then fill in the space on your answer sheet that matches the letter of the answer that you have selected.
Read the following passage:
What is the main topic of this passage?
(A) Birds that live in colonies
(B) Birds’ mating habits
(C) The behavior of birds
(D) Territoriality in birds
The passage mainly concerns the territories of birds. You should fill in (D) on your answer sheet.
According to the passage, male birds defend their territory primarily against
(A) female birds
(B) birds of other species
(C) males of their own species
The passage states that “Male birds defend their territory chiefly against other males of the same species.” You should fill in (C) on your answer sheet.
As soon as you understand the directions, begin work on this part.
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1. What does the passage mainly discuss?
2. The word “strikingly” in line 2 is closest in meaning to
3. Which ofthe following is a common assumption about the forests of North America during the colonial period?
4. The use of the word “abounded” in line 8 indicates that the trees were
5. According to the passage, by the end of the colonial period, the price of wood in eastern cities
6. What can be inferred about houses in Britain during the period written about in the passage?
7. Why does the author mention gunpowder in line 19?
8. The word “conferred” in line 21 is closest in meaning to
9. The phrase “follow suit” in line 27 means
10. According to the passage, why was the use of coke smelting advantageous?
11. The phrase “cling to” in line 33 is closest in meaning to
12. Where in the passage does the author begin to discuss in detail the disadvantages that an abundant supply of wood brought to the colonies?
13. What is the main topic of the passage?
14. The author probably mentions that Washington “tipped his hat to the figures in the painting” (lines 6-7) to indicate that
15. The word “settings” in line 12 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
16. For which of the following terms does the author give a definition in the second paragraph?
17. Which of the following questions about the Peale Museum does the passage NOT supply enough information to answer?
18. The word “unearthed” in line 16 is closest in meaning to
19. Which of the following words could best be substituted for the word “rage” in line 21?
20. According to the passage, Rembrandt Peale and his father both painted
21. Which of the following is NOT one of the children of Charles Willson Peale?
The author’s attitude toward the Peales is generally
23. With which of the following is the passage primarily concerned?
24. The word “stark” in line 3 is closest in meaning to
25. The word “there” in line 5 refers to
26. Which of the following does the author NOT list as a characteristic of the planet Mars that would make colonization difficult?
27. According to the passage, the Martian atmosphere today consists mainly of
28. It can be inferred from the passage that the “greenhouse effect” mentioned in line 19 is
29. The word “suitable” in line 21 is closest in meaning to
30. According to Christopher McKay, the possibility of transforming Mars
31. As used in line 29, the term “terra-forming” refers to
32. The phrase “more profound” in lines 30-31 is closest in meaning to
33. According to the article, the basic knowledge needed to transform Mars comes from
34. The word “staggering” in line 35 is closest in meaning to
35. The paragraph that precedes this passage most probably deals with
36. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “particulars” in line 3?
37. What does the author clainl about the study discussed in the passage?
38. It may be inferred from the passage that which of the following groups of people is most likely to catch colds?
39. There is information in the second paragraph of the passage to support which of the following conclusions?
40. The phrase “people in this age group” (line 13) refers to
41. The author’s main purpose in writing the last paragraph of the passage was to
42. The word “cramped” in line 21 is closest in meaning to
43. The author’s tone in this passage could best be described as
44. What is the main topic of the passage?
45. The word “themselves” in line 2 refers to
46. According to the passage, what isATP?
47. The word “intact” in line 13 is closest in meaning to
48. The use of the phrase “comes in handy” in line 17 indicates that the process is
49. It can be inferred from the passage that, in the early spring, the buds of plants
50. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?